With 155 million people, Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world. Three quarters of Pakistanis are children and women, the majority of which live in rural areas where poverty, illiteracy and disease are widespread. More than a third of the population suffers from hunger and life expectancy at birth is 63 years.
The country is prone to frequent earthquakes, especially in the north and east of the country, as well as flooding in Punjab, Sindh and South Balochistan. Also excessive snow fall in the North Western Frontier Province has added to emergency situations. On 8 October 2005, Pakistan experienced its worse earthquake in history. Around 73,000 people were killed, another 120,000 injured and three million were left homeless.
Through its main office in Islamabad UNICEF manages a regular country programme (link to page ‘Our Work’) in all of Pakistan’s four provinces and a humanitarian recovery programme in the earthquake affected areas in the north of the country. UNICEF works with the Government of Pakistan, international development partners, UN agencies, local and international NGOs and communities so that the best support can be given to millions of vulnerable children and women.